HIV | Part 3 | How does HIV become AIDS
July 10, 2019 | Abigail Mckay

HIV | Part 3 | How does HIV become AIDS



اردو میں پڑھیں

Before jumping into part three which illustrates the process of HIV becoming AIDS, let's have a look at Diagnosis and Symptoms of HIV in the second part.

HIV has three stages, and without medication, the transition from HIV to AIDS can be quick and debilitating.  The stages of HIV are acute, latent, and AIDS. Below, we will be dissecting the three phases.

1. Acute HIV Infection

·  Within two to four weeks after exposure, some experience flu-like symptoms. 

·  These symptoms are a usual response to any infection.  So, it is essential to be aware of activities where HIV can be transmitted.

·  If you have engaged in activities where HIV might be contracted, get tested right away. 

·  The sooner you get tested, the quicker treatment can be initiated, which can drastically reduce the progression of HIV to AIDS.

2. Clinical Latent (Dormant)

·  In the clinical stage, which begins after the symptomatic, acute phase, there are generally no symptoms, and the virus reproduces at an alarmingly slow rate.

·  This period can last for years and may not progress to AIDS if treatment is utilized. 

·  It is vital to be aware and vigilant in regards to preventing the spread of HIV because there is still a high likelihood of transmitting it to others.

·  The viral load, which refers to the amount of HIV in the body, is low during this stage. Also, the CD4 count is still at an appropriate level to fight off infection.

3.      Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

·  Finally, AIDS is the most severe stage of the HIV process because CD4 level starts dropping, which leaves the body at risk for contracting opportunistic infections. 

·  Opportunistic infections, also known as severe illnesses, are more deadly in those with AIDS because the body is unable to fight off the infection since the immune system is severely compromised.  

·  The survival rate is generally a few years after being officially diagnosed with AIDS. The diagnostic tool for this stage is when the CD4 count drops below 200 cells/mm. 

·  The usual symptoms in this stage are similar to that of the flu.  For example, fevers, night sweats, weakness, and swollen glands are common.  Weight loss is also prevalent during this phase.


Tomorrow we will be reviewing the different treatment options available after being diagnosed with HIV.  If you have further questions regarding the stages of HIV or if you would like to be tested for HIV, connect with shifa4u online doctor today.



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Abigail Mckay

Abigail has been a nurse for five years, and throughout her time as a nurse, she has worked in multiple medical-surgical units as well as spent time in the infusion therapy clinic and endoscopy lab. She is passionate about preventative medicine through patient education regarding nutrition and exercise. Due to her passion, Abigail has gone on to earn two certifications including a certification in medical-surgical nursing (CMSRN) and a certification in holistic nursing (HNB-BC), in hopes of being able to better serve her patients. Abigail earned her Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Liberty University in Lynchburg, VA and now bettering patient education in the healthcare system through partnering with American TelePhysicians.