Building on the information from the previous article, Thyroid Disorder Overview, today, we will be dissecting the production of thyroid hormones. This article will review thyroid hormone function, from where they originate, and how they oversee specific processes.
The main components that govern the thyroid include thyroid-releasing hormone (TRH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4). Together, these hormones will initiate a process that will go on to affect every cell throughout the body. The TRH is released by the hypothalamus gland, located in the brain, and sent to the pituitary gland, also located in the brain. The pituitary gland releases TSH and sends it to the thyroid. Finally, the thyroid receives the TSH and will release the appropriate amount of T3 and T4 to meet the demand of the body.
Thyroid dysfunction occurs when there is a disturbance in this process. If the thyroid receives too much or too little TSH, it will not release the appropriate amount of T3 or T4. T3 and T4 regulate heart rate, metabolism, body temperature, muscle contraction, and digestion. These are significant functions of the body, so when T3 and T4 are not supplied based on the body’s demand, systems throughout the body suffer.
After reviewing the role of T3 and T4, it is easier to comprehend the symptoms that develop due to thyroid dysfunction. It is of utmost importance to understand your chronic medical conditions so that you may strive to correct the dysfunction from the inside out. While hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism remain a condition that is not “curable,” there are certain lifestyle adjustments that you can make to help your body function optimally.
Stay connected because tomorrow another piece of this series will be launched, specifically focusing on diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disorders. If you would like further information regarding your thyroid health, Shifa4U has best endocrinologists of USA available in Pakistan to speak with you today so book an appointment now or call us 042-111-748-748 or whatsapp 0324 7443248.