First described in 1927, toxic shock syndrome is more common than most people believe. Toxic Shock Syndrome is said to affect 3 to 6 women out of 100,000 in the United States alone, per year. It is a form of bacterial infection, mostly linked to the use of tampons and sanitary napkins.
If someone lacks the proper knowledge to protect themselves from this disease, it can prove to be an increasing issue for them and can lead to damage that is easily preventable.
Therefore, this blog intends to educate everyone, irrespective of gender, about toxic shock syndrome. It is a condition that is usually not talked about due to the taboo that surrounds it.
Toxic Shock Syndrome is simply defined as a condition that is spread by bacterial toxins. These bacteria generally include Streptococcus Pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus. Other bacterias may also be involved however these are the most common. The bacteria generally tends to spread via the improper use of tampons and sanitary napkins.
The signs and symptoms of this disease will vary on what is the underlying cause of the bacterial toxin spread. However, one of the more common symptoms shows in people who are generally healthy. These symptoms include high fever, low blood pressure, rash, skin diseases such as skin peeling, and an increasing urge to urinate.
However, more specific symptoms can include inflammation in the breasts, an infection in the bones, the presence of the infection which is known as the flesh-eating disease, or even pneumonia.
Other organs can also be harmed in the process. For example, toxic shock syndrome can also lead to diarrhea, vomiting, liver inflammation, low platelet count, and confusion in the central nervous system.
All of these symptoms prove that toxic shock syndrome has the potential to become a huge source of problems for a patient, even though this disease is mostly avoidable.
If the bacteria is on the nose or the mouth, it is not harmful. However, the deeper it goes into the body the more dangerous it becomes for the person.
One of the most common ways for toxic shock syndrome to occur is through the use of tampons and sanitary napkins. The way that this works is that when tampons are being used for long periods of time there is a possibility that the bacteria might make their way into the tampon and therefore use that as a vessel to enter into the body. Other causes include childbirth and some forms of female contraceptives.
Even though tampons are the most common means for a patient to get exposed to the bacteria, toxic shock syndrome can present itself in those people who do not use tampons such as men and children. Therefore the other causes of toxic shock syndrome also have to be recognized. These causes include a cut or a wound in the skin which can lead to the bacteria entering the body. Nosebleeds can also be a valid reason for toxic shock syndrome to occur.
It should however be noted that toxic shock syndrome is not contagious and that you cannot have it spread from one person to the other. Moreover, you can also not develop an immunity against it therefore it is possible to get it more than once.
One should therefore know the best ways to prevent toxic shock syndrome. These include using tampons with the lowest absorbency rate and changing them often, cleaning wounds and cuts as soon and as thoroughly as possible, making sure that your hands are clean when dealing with cuts and tampons.
If however, you feel you are showing any of the above-mentioned symptoms. Please make sure to contact a doctor before the situation worsens.
Farah Jassawalla is a graduate of the Lahore School of Economics. She is also a writer, and healthcare enthusiast, having closely observed case studies while working with Lahore's thriving general physicians at their clinics.
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Dr Rizwan Uppal, the founder of IDC, believed that proper and timely diagnosis is the key to successful treatment. An all under one roof diagnostic service with the name of Islamabad Diagnostic Center (IDC) Pvt. Ltd was established in the beautiful City of Islamabad more than a decade ago.
This brain child of Dr Rizwan was not possible without the support of his two brothers and Executive directors, Dr Rehan Uppal and Dr Imran Uppal. Since the day of inception, Dr Rehan has been a great assistance and immense help in IDC progress and evolution. IDC’s main strength lies in use of state of the art technology, in the hands of qualified and experienced team of doctors and technologist on 24/7 basis. There is still no such setup of equivalent scale and quality in Pakistan.
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The small and humble setup of IDC established more than decade ago is now spreaded nationwide. IDC now has a branch network of more than 2 dozen outlets and mini IDCs, with a staff of more than 300 doctors and technologist and supporting staff, working day and night to offer the best diagnostics to the patients and doctors. IDC is actively participating in external and internal quality assurance Programs from UK EQAS and USA (CAP) , NEQAP, PNRA) and ISO certification. The IDC is also involved in academic and research activities. It is affiliated with Irsa University. IDC pathologist and doctors are part of Nafees Medical College academic faculty.
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IDC has taken lead in providing all type of novel studies like Real Time PCR for Hepatitis B/C and MTB, CR DR system, latest Open MRI, Digital CMOS OPG and 4D real time ultrasonography, Digital Holter Recorder & Ambulatory BP Monitor, ETT, Spirometry, Mammography, Fluoroscopy and ECHO in Rawalpindi & Islamabad tests that are not available anywhere in Pakistan are carried out in collaboration with SynLab Services (Germany) and The Doctor’s Lab (TDL) UK. Besides quality, accuracy & reliability, IDC takes pride in offering quickest turn-around times (TAT). Special cold chain shipment is provided by FedEx & DHL to meet IDC standards.
Dr. Essa’s labortary & diagnostic center founded in 1987, has rapidly achived its reputation as one of the leading laboratories in pakistan
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Prof Dr. Essa M Abdulla recently received the Eli Lilly Gold Medal 2000, presented by Prof Ata-ur-Rahman, Federal Minister of Science & Technology, for the most outstanding Microbiologist and teacher in Pakistan. The laboratory founded in 1987,when Prof. Essa returned after having a rich teaching experience for 40 years abroad.
CERTIFIED From ISO and Our organization aspires to achieve commendable standards of performance, giving physicians and patients the personal and professional commitment they expect and deserve.
In 1996, we set out to establish a medical diagnostic center that caters to the needs of patients and diagnosticians alike. Our focus has always been on providing a quality service in a timely manner. We take pride in the fact that years later, today, with a network of collection centers in and out of Lahore, AL-Nasar Lab® & Diagnostic Centre remains the provider of a wide variety of medical services for the most competitive rates in the industry. Our Mission is to provide reliable, timely, high quality, cost-effective and innovative diagnostic services & information to our patients and clients
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Our quality management system is certified by TUV AUSTRIA.
Excel Lab was founded upon core values of patient priority and accurate testing. During the past 25 years we have built up a legendary reputation for excellence in both, from a small local lab we have grown to become a regional network. However, our goal remains unchanged – to serve each patient with the same care and service that is at the core of our organization.
Excel Labs utilizes state of the art equipment from top international manufacturers. In addition, the reagents used for testing are purchased directly from the authorized dealers in Pakistan to ensure that “cold chain” requirements are met. All this, along with a rigorous QC and QA program ensure that all results are of international standard.
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Our radiologists are the most experienced in MRI/CT scanning in the whole country.
1st of its kind in Pakistan – we utilize advanced medical technologies & equipment only available at Heart, Brain, & Body Scan
Precise, quick , & efficient same day service – we value your time.
Picture Archive & Communication System (PACS)
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Toshiba ELAN 1.5 Tesla MRI
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Toshiba Aquilion 64 Slice CT Scan
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Two Open-bore MRI machines
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Complete Nuclear Medicine – Diagnostic and Therapeutic
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Siemens Open MRI
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To make use of best diagnostic testing services and delivering them at doorsteps of patients, doctors and healthcare service providers. To offer the “BEST ADVANCED CARE” through our core values of excellence, reliability, punctuality, novelty, safety, accuracy and sincerity. We work on the philosophy of “PATIENT HEALTH & WELLNESS FIRST”
Chairman Message (Dr Zahid Asgher)
WE, at Doctors Diagnostic Centre, started our journey with the responsibility of creating centre of brilliance providing the utmost quality of Medical Diagnostics to the patients
VISION & MISSION
National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL), Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of Pakistan accreditation has been applied for. We are also external quality assurance participant in Pakistan, Lahore/ Voluntary inter laboratory Analytical Comparison (VILAC). EQAS External Quality Assurance Scheme (Bio-Rad) For Both CHEMISTRY /IMMUNOASSAYS. CMC Vellore External Quality Assessment Scheme.
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