Everyone Should Know These Warning Signs and Risk Factors of a Heart Attack
August 26, 2019 | Abigail Mckay

Everyone Should Know These Warning Signs and Risk Factors of a Heart Attack


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We all know the severity of heart disease and how it becoming one of the major causes of death worldwide. Sometimes it emerges as the pain or pressure in the chest but we can say that it's not always the same so the following information will help you in letting know the symptoms and risk factors of a heart attack.


Warning Signs of a Heart Attack


Severe chest pain and pressure, along with shortness of breath, are the primary identifiers of a heart attack, also known as myocardial infarction (MI). A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart becomes blocked, thus leading to a lack of oxygenation of the heart muscle.  If there is no oxygen to the heart and likewise, to the rest of the body, tissue begins to die. It is vital to act quickly after recognizing the hallmark symptoms of a heart attack to save precious tissue and muscle.  


Beyond the usual chest pain and shortness of breath, some people may become nauseated and lightheaded due to the lack of oxygenation.  Also, pain radiating down the left arm, jaw pain, and back pain, which is usually identified in women, are further signs that something is amiss.  It is essential to recognize these symptoms as dangerous and furthermore, to take action quickly.  Rather than driving yourself or a loved one to the hospital, call 1122 or emergency services.  First responders are trained to start interventions immediately, rather than waiting to get to the hospital.  The prompt responses initiated by emergency personnel can be the difference between arriving at the hospital dead or alive.



Risk Factors for a Heart Attack


We discussed symptoms of a heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, and how early intervention is key to saving lives. It is vital to continue the discussion and review who is at risk of a heart attack and how you can reduce your chances of having one.  


Risk factors of a heart attack include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, and obesity, to name a few. The majority of these conditions have one thing in common, and that is nutrition.  High blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and type II diabetes are all influenced by diet.  When diagnosed with any of these conditions, education should be given, and continue to be reinforced, regarding the kind of diet can decrease the adverse effects. For example, lowering salt, fat, and sugar intake, as well as reducing processed, non-organic food can significantly impact overall health for those suffering from diseases.  This eating style does not just positively benefit those with a medical condition, but also those who do not have a medical condition.  


Exercise is another powerful influencer when trying to reduce the risk of a heart attack.  Once again, exercise should be a part of every individual's wellness plan to stay fit and boost cardiac health.  Smoking cessation should also be a goal when trying to get healthy.  Nicotine, which is found in tobacco products, increases the plaque within the arteries, which can lead to a heart attack.  In general, smoking can lead to many chronic medical conditions, so it is highly encouraged to take the steps towards cessation. 


In conclusion, strive towards wellness by monitoring your diet, taking part in exercise, initiating smoking cessation techniques, and implementing stress management systems.  These are excellent ways to reduce your risk of a heart attack.  Even greater importance should be put each of these factors if you already have a contributing chronic medical condition.


If you want to consult top cardiologists near you, you can book an appointment online on Shifa4U or call our helpline 042-111-748-748 or whatsapp us on 03247443248.

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Abigail Mckay

Abigail has been a nurse for five years, and throughout her time as a nurse, she has worked in multiple medical-surgical units as well as spent time in the infusion therapy clinic and endoscopy lab. She is passionate about preventative medicine through patient education regarding nutrition and exercise. Due to her passion, Abigail has gone on to earn two certifications including a certification in medical-surgical nursing (CMSRN) and a certification in holistic nursing (HNB-BC), in hopes of being able to better serve her patients. Abigail earned her Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Liberty University in Lynchburg, VA and now bettering patient education in the healthcare system through partnering with American TelePhysicians.