Penile cancer is a rare form of cancer caused by the uncontrolled growth of normal healthy cells in the penis. It usually affects the skin of the penis and the foreskin (the skin covering the head of the penis).
When the normal cells start growing abnormally, they become cancerous and form a tumor. Cancer can be life-threatening if left untreated. Therefore, treatments like creams and laser therapy must be applied.
Treatment procedures and preventive measures not only lower the seriousness of the disease but also reduce the severity of various symptoms like swelling, ulcer, rash, etc.
Different types of penile cancers include:
● Squamous cell or epidermoid carcinoma: It usually begins on or under your foreskin but can also spread to other parts of your penis.
● Sarcoma: These cancers usually affect blood vessels, muscle, and fat.
● Melanoma: This cancer manifests in the cells that give your skin color.
● Basal cell carcinoma: These cancers grow slowly and rarely spread to the other parts of your body.
The risk is greater in men who:
● Smoke regularly
● Have HIV or AIDS
● Are uncircumcised. In this case, fluid and smegma form underneath the foreskin. It may also be due to the uncleaned area under the foreskin.
● Have human papillomavirus (HPV)
● Do not follow good hygiene practices
● Live in an area with poor sanitary conditions
● Take medications such as the drug psoralen and are undergoing treatment with ultraviolet light.
● Have a condition called phimosis, in which the foreskin becomes tight, which causes difficulty in cleaning the skin.
The most common symptoms include:
● Lump and sore formation on the penis
● Bluish-brown growths on the penis
● The end part of the penis gets swollen
● Rash that can be velvety and reddish
● Rapid weight loss
● Feeling tired
● Itching, burning, irritation
● Pain in the stomach
● Formation of lumps under the skin of the groin
● Changes in color and thickness of the penis skin
● Fluid discharge underneath the foreskin
These signs and symptoms do not always indicate that you have penile cancer. They may be due to an allergic reaction or infections caused by bacteria or fungus. Still, if you have any of them, see a health care provider and get it diagnosed properly.
You can lower the risk of developing penile cancer by taking the following preventive actions:
● Have a circumcision
● Quit tobacco use
● Clean your foreskin regularly
● Use safe sex practices
Consult your doctor if you experience any unusual signs and symptoms of penile cancer. The doctor will perform certain tests to confirm the diagnosis. Some of them are mentioned below:
1. Physical tests: The doctor will also take your medical history and ask you about the symptoms.
2. Different kinds of biopsies such as incisional, excisional and lymph node biopsy.
3. Imaging tests like chest X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and computed tomography.
The treatment options include:
● A medicated cream for the skin.
● Lasers, where areas containing cancerous cells are destroyed.
● Circumcision (removal of the foreskin)
● Mohs surgery, where the affected skin is removed layer by layer.
● Cryotherapy, where doctors freeze the cells using cold liquid.
● Chemotherapy and radiation.
● Penectomy (removal of the penis or a part of it)
● Surgery to remove some or all of the lymph nodes.
For more information, book an appointment at Shifa4U.
Farah Jassawalla is a graduate of the Lahore School of Economics. She is also a writer, and healthcare enthusiast, having closely observed case studies while working with Lahore's thriving general physicians at their clinics.
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Dr Rizwan Uppal, the founder of IDC, believed that proper and timely diagnosis is the key to successful treatment. An all under one roof diagnostic service with the name of Islamabad Diagnostic Center (IDC) Pvt. Ltd was established in the beautiful City of Islamabad more than a decade ago.
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CERTIFIED From ISO and Our organization aspires to achieve commendable standards of performance, giving physicians and patients the personal and professional commitment they expect and deserve.
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Our radiologists are the most experienced in MRI/CT scanning in the whole country.
1st of its kind in Pakistan – we utilize advanced medical technologies & equipment only available at Heart, Brain, & Body Scan
Precise, quick , & efficient same day service – we value your time.
Picture Archive & Communication System (PACS)
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Toshiba ELAN 1.5 Tesla MRI
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Two Open-bore MRI machines
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Complete Nuclear Medicine – Diagnostic and Therapeutic
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Siemens Open MRI
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To make use of best diagnostic testing services and delivering them at doorsteps of patients, doctors and healthcare service providers. To offer the “BEST ADVANCED CARE” through our core values of excellence, reliability, punctuality, novelty, safety, accuracy and sincerity. We work on the philosophy of “PATIENT HEALTH & WELLNESS FIRST”
Chairman Message (Dr Zahid Asgher)
WE, at Doctors Diagnostic Centre, started our journey with the responsibility of creating centre of brilliance providing the utmost quality of Medical Diagnostics to the patients
VISION & MISSION
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